Women go through several changes in their lives. They are physical (weight, morphology, the genitals such as ovaries, etc.) but also emotional, and occur from puberty to menopause.
It is quite normal that the body undergoes these changes, due to many factors such as age, procreation and hormones. Every woman is unique, and the changes she undergoes will be completely different from those experienced by another.
Here is an ovarian disorder you need to know to detect.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is defined by a hormonal disorder that affects 6% to 10% of women, according to the Canadian Network for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. Symptoms often begin in the early menstruation, but sometimes they do not appear until the twenties or thirties.
PCOS is characterized by an unusual increase in the production of male hormones, androgens, in the ovaries. This disturbs synthesizing of the eggs which are not produced at the time of ovulation and then turn into cysts (small pockets with liquid). These cysts accumulate in the ovaries and sometimes increase in volume.
What favors the occurrence of this disorder?
Polycystic ovary syndrome mainly concerns women aged 18 to 44 years, so throughout the years when they are fertile. We don’t know the exact cause of PCOS, but we find the genetic or environmental factor as most responsible.
Some researchers have found that high levels of insulin in the body could also be the cause of this syndrome. Insulin is the hormone that serves to regulate the level of sugar in the blood, but if it is produced in large quantities, the body releases extra male hormones.
What are the symptoms?
It is difficult for doctors to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome as it is manifested in many different symptoms. Among them, oligomenorrhea (infrequent or irregular menstruation), amenorrhea (no periods), polymenorrhoea (very heavy periods), an increase of the ovaries, the appearance of small growths like raisins in the armpits or neck, darkening and thickening of the skin of the neck, groin, armpits and folds of skin, hair loss, acne, excessive hair growth, weight gain , etc.
How to cure polycystic ovary syndrome?
Unfortunately we cannot cure it. There are, however, treatments that help restore the hormonal balance or overcome symptoms like acne (creams, care, feeding) and weight gain (exercise, followed with a dietitian). This requires that the women concerned should closely monitor their health.
It is advisable to exercise, to adopt a healthier diet, consume a lot of magnesium (preferably in natural foods such as almonds, lentils, green leafy vegetables, etc.). And above all, be sure to consult a specialist for regular medical examination.