A blood pressure that remains permanently high, beyond 14/9, is defined as high blood pressure. This hypertension can evolve for a long time without any significant signs, so it is called the “Silent Killer” and can be discovered only in case of vascular accidents. Untreated, hypertension can cause many complications: stroke, infarction, heart or kidney failure, retinopathy, arteriosclerosis, erectile dysfunction… This is why early signs of hypertension must be detected for better management and effective treatment.
A high blood pressure should be sought before: a stubborn migraine, headache, ringing in the ears, visual phenomena (flying flies or zigzag luminous), shortness of breath on exertion.
- Then you will see the following signs: palpitations, tiredness, sleepiness, dizziness, nervousness, nose bleeds, numbness or tingling in hands and feet.
It is also necessary to take into consideration the patient’s background, knowing that certain risk factors favor high blood pressure: typically its mostly men, from age 60, with diabetes, kidney disease or overweight and those consuming too much salt and alcohol are more at risk.
- People with a family history of early hypertension (before the age of 30), a stressful lifestyle and few physical exercises should also monitor their blood pressure.
Once the diagnosis is made and the treatment is undertaken, a few rules of food hygiene should be followed, thus one should avoid: Foods rich in sugars, saturated fats (meat and animal fats), salt (processed food) and reduce the intake of the existing ones.