Statistics go like crazy, only this year approximately 10,000 women under the age of 40 will get the most terrible diagnosis, breast cancer. The death ratio of breast cancer has increased rapidly in women in the age range of 15-34. However, if it is early detected this death ratio can be minimized or even brought to zero. Survival rates are high, between 80% and 90% of those surviving in England and the United States live for at least five years.
There are different kinds of breast cancer, but the most common are the ones developing in cells from the lining of breast milk ducts and the lobules that supply the ducts with milk. In fact there are more than 18 sub-types of breast cancer. The breast cancer researches continue to be performed in order to find the proper cure and as well as to early detect it so that it can be efficiently treated.
BREAST CANCER AND SUGAR INTAKE
Breast cancer can be caused by inheriting faulty (mutated) genes or with mutated cells from exposure to environmental toxins. Sugar is one of those toxins, namely the sugar consumption in the past 50 years has tripled, and because of that people nowadays suffer from quite a large number of diseases.
The question pops up: Can the amount of dietary sugar constantly taken in the western diet increase the risk of developing breast cancer?
Many studies are being performed on answering this question. As per 4 different studies on mice where each was fed differently, it was discovered that not only that the sugar affected the development of tumors on the mammary gland, but in fact even caused further metastasis.
According to the Peiying Yang, Ph.D., assistant professor of Palliative, Rehabilitation, and Integrative Medicine, quoting:
“We found that sucrose consumption in mice comparable to levels of Western diets caused increased tumor growth and metastasis, when compared with a non-sugar starch diet,”
The co-author of this study Lorenzo Cohen, Ph.D added to this finding the following: “We determined that it was specifically fructose, in table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup, ubiquitous within our food system, which was responsible for facilitating lung metastasis and 12-HETE production in breast tumors,”
Another epidemiological study conducted on breast cancer mortality associated to food consumption revealed that there is strong relation specifically in older women, between breast cancer mortality and sugar intake. In fact, the probable link between sugar intake and breast cancer is insulin. The body produces insulin as a response to our blood glucose level. The insulin levels become excessive once the regulatory mechanism is overloaded by large dietary sugar intake. As a result of this, there is a great imbalance which explains the elevated risk of mammary cancer in diabetics.
Body cells require glucose for energy, and they have limited life span, meaning that when they complete their life cycle, they die and become replaced by new ones. Cancer occurs when old cells continue to grow and divide in one place, creating a tumor.
Dr. Otto Warburg is a well-known biologist winner of Nobel Prize who in his publication in 1924 “On metabolism of tumors” maintained the following: “Summarized in a few words, the main reason for cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a fermentation of sugar.”
According to Dr. Warburg findings, cancer growth is stimulated when the dying cells changed glucose into energy without using oxygen. Healthy cells need oxygen and pyruvate (carbohydrate catabolism) in order to make energy. He revealed that cancer cells cannot live in an oxygenated, alkaline environment, but successfully thrives in acidic and an oxygen depleted environment. On the other hand, sugar leaves an acid residue (acidosis) in the blood and tissue thus changing the body’s normal pH level.
Scientists are continuing their researching, and in a laboratory research at Duke University, showed that cancer cells seem to use a mix of sugar and proteins to grow when they are supposed to die, and in that way they sustain their growth. This finding was further on analyzed at Johns Hopkins University where researchers studied abnormal glycosylation. In further analysis, these cells were given n-butyrate (a salt) with carbohydrates (have in mind they contain sugar), and the cell development slowed down. The researchers managed to produce a hybrid molecule consisted of simple sugar and n-butyrate. In this way cancer cells absorbed the sugar needed for their further survival which soaked up the hybrid created molecule thereby hampering their ability to continue growing, and eventually died.