If you are a parent and your children are about to visit kindergarten or school, then you must be worried about them catching some infection that can cause illnesses as in these facilities infections are always present. Nowadays, large number of children is vaccinated against some old-fashioned illnesses, including rubella and mumps. These two ailments have infected many children on a yearly basis. But, today children are even vaccinated against flu in order to become protected from infectious illnesses during wintertime.
It is a fact that we can protect our children from certain illnesses, but we cannot do almost anything when hand, foot and mouth illnesses are concerned. Form these illnesses suffer more than 200,000 people in America annually. According to the prediction of experts at the West Central Health District in Georgia this year the number of people affected with these ailments might reach its record and they have already started to appear in schools and colleges.
HFMD -Hand, Foot and Mouth Diseases
This illness is extremely contagious and it spreads out swiftly. Namely, hundreds of thousands of people get infected by these diseases annually. HFMD is spread easily by a simple handshake, a kiss, saliva or mucus, or sitting or standing near the infected person or just being present in the same room. As a result of this quick transmission children in pre-schools and kindergartens are very much affected by them as there they are constantly faced with spit and snot. Students at colleges can easily be infected due to the fact that they usually drink from the same cup or eat from the same plate. Moreover, due to their way of living they are most of the time exhausted lacking sleep thus resulting in weak immune system.
The other most affected group of these diseases are the elderly particularly the ones that reside in the retirement homes, and also people with weak immunities.
Nevertheless, even people with good health cannot be safe when these diseases are concerned since it all depends on the type of bacteria one gets exposed to.
These diseases are not accompanied by harsh symptoms but nonetheless they are far from comfortable ones. In fact they are more similar to flu symptoms such as fever and aching throat. Also itchy red spots occur that can develop on the hands, feet, and mouth. However, they do not stop there; they can as well as occur on the legs and the genitals. The infection can clear up on its own after a week or after a longer period of time. Yet, if you are familiar with the fact that these illnesses are common in your family, then you should consult your doctor. As mentioned before it is highly infectious disease and for that reason, you should stay at home so that you don’t spread it to other people.
Even though the symptoms are not severe, the side-effects can become serious, particularly in elderly and in people with weak immune systems. Moreover, HFMD can cause serious infections of the brain, such as encephalitis and meningitis, and if you neglect the symptoms for a period of several weeks and not being treated on time, then you could lose some of your toenails or fingernails.
According to the CDC the HFMD outbreaks do not commonly occur in the states, but this year this may not be the situation anymore. In fact, it has already started; there has been a major outbreak in Georgia which could spread to the South Eastern US, and to other areas. If you reside in some of these areas you need to be extra careful especially when hygiene is concerned.
Hand hygiene is a must, meaning always wash your hands after going to the bathroom and before consuming your meals.
If your child is infected or even suspected of having this disease you need to keep it at home in order to prevent further spreading.
If by any chance you have had contact with the disease, and then consume plenty of liquids and rest at home, even if the red spots are causing slight pains in your throat.
Watch the video below and find out more information about HFMD: