One of the most healthy and delicious fruits are dried fruits. This type of fruit is excellent choice for consuming it as dessert or snack because they provide numerous health benefits and boosts your energy levels. In order to make dried fruit you will need oven or homemade solar clothes dryer.
Making dried fruits at home is not difficult at all and everyone could do it. You could prepare your most favorite dried fruit at the comfort of your home, and the only thing for you to do is to choose whether you want to have ripe or semi-ripe fruit. Once you choose your type of fruit you will need to wash it with cold water and remove all impurities from the fruit. You should also remove the stems and cut it equally in order to dehydrate it as a whole. Also you could remove the skin if you like.
Next, you should soak the fruit in lemon juice and leave it for 10 minutes. Afterwards you should drain it and dry it with a paper towel. Before you put it in your oven you will need to preheat the oven on minimum temperature (this works for apples, peaches, and bananas). In case you choose to dry strawberries or other berries you will need higher temperature.
Afterwards you should cover the tray with parchment paper and put the fruit in single layer. Make sure the fruits don’t touch with each other. In order to avoid the fruit from curling you should cover it with silicone mat.
You will need approximately around 1 ½ hours in order to dry the fruit. After this time you will need to leave the oven door slightly open in order to prevent the fruit from over-baking. Once it gets dry you should take the tray out and leave the fruit to cool down for few hours.
Here is another method how to dehydrate fruits at home
You could dry fruits with very simple DIY solar dryer. This process will preserve the flavor and nutritional value of the fruits without actually using any harmful techniques. Here is how to do it:
- Styrofoam plates (1m x 0.5m) with density of 30mm – 3
- Glue – 3 tubes
- Polystyrene nylon screen – 1m
- Flat glass – 1 (3mm thick)
- Bent nails – 200gr (18mm x 27mm)
- Brush – 1
- Aluminum foil – 3cm
You will need to use one plate of Styrofoam as a bottom for the box, and cut another in two equally long pieces. Next you should cut the last plate on two smaller sized pieces and join the part to form 94 x 44cm frame. Afterwards you should put the nails in the corners of the frame and make two holes 30 x 4cm on the sides of package. Next you should cut 2 pieces of the nylon and secure them with pins on the box, and cover the gaps you have made previously. The remaining Styrofoam should be cut in 3cm broad pieces and put them in the openings.
Also you should prepare a 90 x 40cm rectangle-shaped wooden frame which will be used for covering the screen and fastening the frame at the bottom. This way you will help you to be able to see inside the dryer. At the end, put one piece of fruit inside and you will very quickly dehydrate the fruit.
Here are some other different methods for drying the fruits
You will need to peel and cut the pineapple into 1cm thick pieces, then cut the pieces on 3-4 equal parts. Place these pieces in a dryer and dehydrate them.
You should cut the banana in half in order to dehydrate it easier. Also you could cut a banana on slices in order to speed up the process of dehydration.
First you will need to peel the apple and suffice in 4 parts. Also you could dehydrate the peels and grind them into powder in order to use them for tea.
You will need to peel the mango and cut it on thick slices and put it in the dryer.
First you should wash the grapes and remove the seeds. Next, you should put them in 0.5l of water and a bit of lemon juice in order to dehydrate them.