The thyroid gland is one of the most important glands of the body; it produces the thyroid hormone which is accountable for the regulation of the metabolism, the body growth and energy.
It is very crucial for the body this gland to function properly as if this is not the case many health concerns can occur. If her activity is high then it will lead to illness know as hyperthyroidism and if it is low to illness known as hypothyroidism.
Knowing the distinction of terms, the causes and symptoms is of great essence so that certain health issues are prevented and the corrected treatment is introduced. Statistics say that 1 out of 20 people are prone to developing some sort of thyroid issue in their life. However, the female gender suffers more from this health condition.
Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism
Both of these conditions occur as a result of thyroid hormone imbalance. The production of this hormone shouldn’t be either deficient or excessive, so that health issues like hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism do not occur.
Hypothyroidism appears due to deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the body. The person suffering from hypothyroidism experiences the following signs: dry skin, muscle pain, cramping, difficulties concentrating, excess fluid in tissues, hair thinning, fatigue and sensitivity to cold temperatures.
Hyperthyroidism occurs as a result of excessive production of thyroid hormone and triggers symptoms such as heart rate acceleration, diarrhea, anxiety, irritation, difficulties sleeping, losing weight, nervousness, and heat sensitivity.
If the thyroid gland works very hard, then it can cause formation of a large lump in the throat as a sign of iodine deficiency and it is known as goitre.
The way how you lead your life will determine influence on the incidence of these conditions. The most common reasons for triggering this illness are:
- Lack of iodine
- Toxins buildup
- Metal accumulation
- Chronic stress
Further on, conditions like thyroiditis, toxic adenomas, or Graves’ illness can trigger appearance of hyperthyroidism, while hypothyroidism may be caused by thyroid removal, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, or overexposure to iodine or lithium.
Prevention and Treatment of Hypo and Hyperthyroidism
- Proper nutrition – the diet is crucial aspect in the treatment of these health issues. Avoid or lower the consumption of processed foods, sugar, and refined flours, but make sure to increase the intake of the following ingredients which support thyroid health like iodine, zinc, omega-3 fats, and selenium.
- Nutritional supplements–however, before implementing them into your diet first consult your doctor or holistic practitioner. There are lots of effective products having the ability to keep proper thyroid metabolism.
- Exercise–can re-balance the production of this hormone as regular workout promotes thyroid function.
- Heat therapy–is very helpful for the treatment of thyroid issues. Using heat therapy or sauna session can detox the body and eliminate the toxins which lead to problems with the thyroid.
- Stress management – prolonged stress incites exhaustion of the adrenal which eventually will lead to thyroid related concerns. For that reason, incorporate in your lifestyle some relaxing activities, and stress management programs, including yoga, meditation, or even having strolls in nature; then include breathing exercises which will substantially lower tension and offer tranquility and peace of mind.
- Thyroid hormones–can be implemented into your thyroid treatment. Your doctor can inform you about some effective thyroid hormone replacement therapy.
- Prevent thyroid issues by preventing their causes–The typical causes for their occurrence are nutritional deficiencies, stress, heavy metals and allergies. Therefore, in order to prevent thyroid issues you need to treat these conditions on time like reducing stress, treat allergies and so on. Furthermore, you need to avoid gluten and dairy products that can trigger digestive distress.
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