Breast pain, also called mastalgia, is a very common phenomenon in women, causing hypersensitivity to their level as well as a lumpy and painful touch. It is usually of great concern to women who suffer from it, because they associate it with breast cancer. Let’s take a closer look at this phenomenon.
First, you have to tell the difference between chest pain and breast pain. The first is manifested by a sudden and intense pain, often similar to a stab of a dagger into the muscles and tissues under the breast. As for the second, it is situated at the level of the breast itself, whole or in part, and sometimes extends to the armpits or in the arms. It appears as a sharp or continuous pain, pinching, burning or heaviness.
Cyclic and non-cyclic mastalgia
There are two types of mastalgia: cyclic and non-cyclic.
Cyclic mastalgia, as the name suggests, accompanies the natural hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle of the woman. It is felt in both breasts and can even extend into the armpits or arms. It reaches its peak before the period and disappears at the end. It mainly concerns young women.
As for non-cyclic mastalgia, it is more prevalent in women aged 30 to 50 years old. It manifests itself in a breast, or in only one side of the breast. It is lively, poignant and causes a burning sensation. It is usually due to a cyst or fibroadenoma.
The causes of the onset of mammary pain
Menstrual hormonal changes
As mentioned above hormonal changes are the most common cause of breast pain. You can suffer at different times in your cycle, especially just before menstruation, because of the high rate of estrogen. In addition, stress can also have a disruptive effect on the secretion of your hormones, and thus promote breast pain.
Presence of a lump in the breasts
Often cause for concern and panic, the presence of a lump in one or both breasts is systematically considered by women who suffer from it as a cancer. According to several studies, the risk of breast cancer varies between 1.2% and 6.7% in women with mastalgia. According to the National Breast Cancer Foundation, a lumpy or irregular breast tissue is often due to cysts filled with fluids. In any case, a medical consultation is recommended.
The breast structure
Cysts, breast trauma, breast surgery, bulky breast size, and the like all contribute to the onset of breast pain. This usually occurs in the muscles and tendons supporting the breasts.
An inadequate bra
Too small caps or a too tight bra compress the breasts and cause a sensation of sensitivity and pain. So be sure to choose the right size for the pain to dissipate almost immediately.
Taking certain medications
Hormone replacement therapy, prescribed for infertility or menopause, as well as contraceptive pills also increase the risk of suffering from mastalgia due to their hormone content. In addition, taking certain other medications such as antidepressants also causes pain to the breasts.
An imbalance of fatty acids
A level of unbalanced fatty acids in mammary cells can lead to an increase in the sensitivity of the breast tissue to hormones, which has the effect of promoting the onset of pain. It is therefore advisable, under medical advice, to consume evening primrose oil known for its regulatory effect of fatty acids.
If you practice physical activity, such as running or weight training, be sure to wear just-in-the-body that support your breasts and lighten their weight. So the muscles and tendons supporting your breasts are not overly stressed, which will save you from suffering from breast pain.
How to cure breast pain?
To relieve the pain and not suffer from it, here are some simple and effective tips to follow. However, if the pain is constant or if it persists for more than three weeks, seek medical advice.
To reduce cyclical mastalgia, it is advisable to consume foods high in magnesium or take supplements, during the second half of the cycle, about 15 days before menstruation. Thus, you will relieve the pain and reduce other premenstrual symptoms.
Reduce your daily fat intake. According to a study of 21 women affected by mastalgia, only 15% of daily lipid intake was effective in reducing pain. The only disadvantage is that this restriction is difficult to maintain.
Reduce your caffeine intake. Several women felt a marked improvement after reducing their coffee intake.