The overuse of plastics is the biggest culprit of the environmental pollution, especially when the oceans are concerned. Plastic items in all sorts of shapes wreak havoc in the marine life and the oceans.
The World Health Assembly on its 73rd Session held in May 2020, demonstrated facts about the negative effects of the overuse of plastic products being the leaders in polluting the environment. According to these facts over 500 billion plastic bags are used each year, for which 17 million barrels of oil are used for annual plastic production, 13 million tons of plastic leaks into the ocean, and still 1 million plastic bottles are purchased every minute.
Plastic is not biodegradable, once disposed it needs a whole century to degrade in Nature. Plus, in 90 percent of the tested bottled water was found plastic particles that we enter into our body. Hence, there is the greatest need to find the most suitable alternative for plastic bottles.
Experts have worked really hard and offered a list of the most suitable plastic alternatives:
Corn Starch and Sorghum Loose Fill
Edible Six-Pack Ring
Prawn Shell Plastic Bags
Seaweed Water Bubbles
Stone Paper and Plastic
Silberboard – Metallised Paper
Wood Pulp Cellophane
Avantium is a Dutch company that is developing the best solution for replacing plastic with a material that will be safe for use and quickly biodegradable. The engineers in this company are in their advanced stage in creating a material that will successfully replace the plastic used in the food supply chain. Moreover, this new material is being supported by major companies like Coca-Cola, Danone, and Carlsberg. This new material in appearance is similar to plastic, but it is made of plants making it safe for us and for the environment that surrounds us.
Features of the Plant-based Plastic
The materials used for the development of the new eco-plastic are 100% natural, including corn, beet sugar, and wheat. These ingredients would entirely disintegrate in a composter within a year since they are free of fossil fuels.
Aside the conventially used plastic, these bottles can be recycled and decomposed in nature much quicker, for instance if the bottles are left outside they can dissolve in a few years. This is a great difference compared to the plastic ones and it would mean a lot for the environment globally.
Carlsberg ‘s vice president of the group development, Myriam Shingleton states that the packaging progress meets their demands and he believes that the fiber bottles will entirely replace plastic bottles by 2023. The goal is to produce around 5,000 tons per year of plant-based plastic items.
Check the video below and find out how plant-based plastics are being produced by utilizing sugar from corn, wheat, and beets.