Once the summer is approaching with the nice and warm weather, the mosquitoes are coming too. These pesky insects like warm weather and water and they come in great number.
No one likes the bites of the mosquitoes or that annoying buzz while we are sleeping, and because of that most of us opt for the use of chemical-packed repellents. This is the simplest solution, but let us not forget that the chemicals present in these repellents can be harmful for our body as well. Nature has already solutions for many of our problems including the mosquitoes. One of the solutions is the use of plants that attract dragonflies and thus eliminate mosquitoes in the most natural way.
Dragonflies are the most natural solution for your problem with mosquitoes as they feed on mosquitoes and their larvae. In this way you are controlling the spread of the mosquito populations and along with them other insects. Now, all you need to do is to attract the dragonflies to come near your home and that can be achieved by planting certain types of plants in your yard.
Dragonflies need a place where to hide, and for that purpose you should have trees, shrubs and other types of plants in your garden. Having a pond will be of great benefit as when dragonflies mate they lay their eggs in water. Water plants that grow near and within ponds would be of great help too.
Young Dragonflies also like to prey on pollinators such as butterflies, beetles, wasps, moths and other tiny insects, so blooming plants would be highly beneficial in your garden to attract the arrival of dragonflies.
Here are the plants that will elevate the number of dragonflies in your backyard.
10 Plants in Your Garden That Attract Dragonflies
These are land plants:
1. Asclepias incarnate -Swamp milkweed
This plant is close relative to common milkweed having white and pink flowers that grow back every year. This plant thrives pretty well in moist and sunny areas and attracts insects like butterflies, moths, beetles and others which are dragonfly prey.
2. Achillea millefolium -White yarrow
The white yarrow is a plant with big clusters containing 20 to 25 flowers. Butterflies and parasitic wasps like this plant which will for sure attract dragonflies. This plant is a disease resistant that likes full sun, dry to medium moisture and well-drained soil.
3. Eupatorium purpureum -Joe-Pye Weed
This weed attracts prey and thrives in mid-summer and fall. It can grow up to 12 feet and it is decorated with pale pink-purple flowers which release mild vanilla scent. This fragrance gets stronger when the flowers are being crushed. It grows best in full and partial sunlight and in moist woods and meadows. It can be used as diuretic tea when its dried roots and flowers are being infused.
4. Rudbeckia hitra -Black-eyed Susan
This vegetation is easily adaptable to every type of soil preferring regular watering and full sunlight. It attracts butterflies and pollinators making it very suitable for dragonflies. Its wildflowers could thrive for a couple of years in warm areas, and die off in winter.
5. Salvia marcus -Meadow sage
The meadow sage is endowed with beautiful purple flowers that thrive best in full sun and in partial shade. Therefore, choose spots in your garden that offer morning sun and afternoon shade. When it is fully grown, it should not be excessively watered as it can thrive well in drought too. But, persistent shortage of water can cause problems.
These are the pond plants:
If you opt for building a pond in your backyard, then you will for sure attract dragonflies as it is their natural life area where they hunt, reproduce, play and perch. Plus, the water is their natural habitat as they spend at least two months underwater, and once outside they frequently return to waters.
When you are building the pond you need to place some rocks around the pond as dragonfly larvae need rocks to hide and grow underwater. In order to help their landing put sticks around the pond.
6. Water lily
This plant is the ideal for laying eggs. You should grow them from tubers planted in pots right below the water’s surface. The water lilies need to be submerged and for that purpose put some rocks and in this way the leaves and blossoms will float on the surface of your pond.
7. Equisetum fluviatile – Water horsetail
This one is also submerged, but it has a floating part. We advise you not to use seeds when growing, but opt for nursery plants. You should plant the rhizomes at the edge of your pond, two inches deep in the soil. When the plant sets its roots it can survive short period of dry weather. The best growing process is in partial shade or full sun.
8. Sagittaria latifolia – Arrowhead
This plant is popularly recognized as duck-potato and it grows above water level where adult dragonflies land on it in order to lay eggs or just to rest. You should plant it in spring by using a tuber of the plant and thus push it into the underwater soil. In order to stay underwater, place some rocks on it and thus weigh it down, and if there are any submerged leaves, leave them as they will grow really fast.
9. Vallisneria Americana -Wild celery
As we mentioned before dragonflies go below water and this plant offers an incredible aquatic habitat. The wild celery grows to the water surface where adult dragonflies lay their eggs on it. You should plant it in places where it will get at least 18 inches of water all the time. Here it is how to plant them: place wild celery tubes in cheesecloth filled with mud or stones, and then position them at the base of your pond. Have in mind that you need to be careful not to break the sprouts as if you do the tubes will not re-grow new ones.
10. Typha latifolia -Cattail
It can be found under the name of bull rushes too. It thrives in moist soil where there are swamps. You should grow this plant from rhizomes and place them near shady paces. This plant can be easily relocated.