The universe is unexplored and vast space beyond our imagination. It has fascinated the human race for ages, and every generation brings a new way of explaining its origins and functions.
People have been exploring it since the beginning of time and because of that we have had various theories and approaches. Perhaps we will need centuries more to find out the real truth about the universe.
In our era the scientists have come to the belief that the universe could be capable of consciousness, referring this concept as “panpsychism”.
Gregory Matloff, a physicist at New York City College of Technology, is the founder of this theory believing that the universe could be very similar to humans in respect of substance and spirit, meaning that the cosmos could also have the self-awareness common for the human beings.
This idea has been supported also by Christof Koch of the Allen Institute for Brain Science maintaining that all biological organisms are conscious, but when encountering a new situation, they can change their behavior in order to avoid any possible unpleasant situation.
“The only dominant theory we have of consciousness says that it is associated with complexity — with a system’s ability to act upon its own state and determine its own fate. Theory states that it could go down to very simple systems. In principle, some purely physical systems that are not biological or organic may also be conscious.”
Other experts have their own opinion about this possibility.
A well-known philosophy researcher at New York University’s Center for Mind, Brain, and Consciousness Hedda Hassel Mørch, said the following:
“Panpsychists usually don’t take tables and other artifacts to be conscious as a whole. Rather, the table could be understood as a collection of particles that each have their own very simple form of consciousness.”
Philip Perry maintains:
“Traditionally, scientists have been stalwart materialists. But doing so has caused them to slam up against the limitations of materialism. Consider the chasm between relativity and quantum mechanics, or Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, and you quickly start to recognize these incongruities.”
Philosopher Philip Goffadds:
“The panpsychist offers an alternative research programme: Rather than trying to account for consciousness in terms of utterly non-conscious elements, try to explain the complex consciousness of humans and other animals in terms of simpler forms of consciousness which are postulated to exist in simpler forms of matter, such as atoms or their sub-atomic components.
This research project is still in its infancy. But a number of leading neuroscientists, such as Christof Koch and GiulioTononi, are now finding that working within a panpsychist framework bears fruit. The more fruit is borne by this alternative research programme, the more reason we have to accept panpsychism.”
Panpsychism is still in the experimental phase, however, if the above mentioned theories become scientifically proven, then we shall have a new era in science.