The bees are an integral part of nature having many functions which does not include only the production of their sweet product, the honey. According to a conducted debate at the Royal Geographical Society of London, the Earthwatch Institute the bees are the most important living being on the planet. The scientists in this debate included organisms like the primates, bats, fungi, plankton, and bees.
Each organism is of great value for the planet, but in this debate the scientists had to pick one in order to raise awareness about conservation. The audience made the last choice by voting and chose the bees to be the selected specie for conservation.
There was a close fight between the plankton and the bees and scientists like Professor David Thomas and George McGavin represented each specie with all its values. They were given each 5 minutes to do the presentation and although Professor Thomas presented a superb summing up, Dr. McGavin was the winner thanks to his persuasive argument. He explained comprehensively the value of bees on which one quarter of a million species of flowering plants depends on their existence. These plants are vital for the world agriculture, and if the bees are extinct they will be leaving us without flowering plants, consequently from a wide range of fruits and vegetables.
Statistics tell how important the bees are for our own survival, namely, 70% of our food supply relies on bees. This specie is in charge of the pollination that allows the reproduction of plants, which in turn produce food for millions of animals. In number, around 250,000 species of flowering plants depend on bees for pollination.
This amazing specie increases the yields of about 90 crops by up to 30% like the cucumbers, apples, and blueberries. If they did not exist, then these crops would have been rare and thus very expensive.
A large number of birds and small mammals feed on the berries and seeds that rely on bee pollination, so if they are extinct the food chain will be broken and many omnivores or carnivores will starve to death.
Our health depends on the bees as many medicines, both conventional and alternative remedies, come from flowering plants. There is also the cotton that is also pollinated by the bee.
There are many reasons for the decline of bees, but the key causes are increased use of insecticides, habitat loss, diseases and fragmentation.
Dr. George McGavin warns about their extinction:
“Bee populations are in freefall. A world without bees would be totally catastrophic.”
Did you know that the bee is the only living being that it is not a carrier of any type of pathogen, regardless of whether it is a fungus, a virus or a bacterium?
This has been confirmed by the findings of a conducted study by the Apiculture Entrepreneurship Center of the Universidad Mayor (CeapiMayor) and the Apiculture Corporation of Chile (Cach) with the support of the Foundation for Agrarian Innovation (FIA). Albert Einstein once said that in case the bees disappear, “humans would have 4 years to live.”
We should closely consider this statement as according to recent studies there is a dramatic decline of the bees’ number. In fact, nearly 90% of the bee population has disappeared in the last few years. Among the major causes are massive deforestation, overuse of herbicides and pesticides, lack of safe places for nests, lack of flowers, and changes in the soil.
Bees produce the elixir of health and beauty which can offer uncountable benefits. Honey is not only a natural replacement of sugar but its consumption can improve the overall health and the health of the skin.
People have become more and more aware of the importance of bees and celebrities are taking a great part in promoting the conservation of bees and other valuable species for our planet.
Some important agriculture guidelines that we can follow and thus protect the bees:
- Introduction of natural agricultural alternatives.
- Ban, and not lower, the use of toxic pesticides.
- Constant monitoring of the health, welfare, and conservation of bees.